For centuries. the Venetian plains have been cultivated with care and passion by a single, great, people, united by the culture and the territory.
For thousands of years, vines have been grown in this area, and nearly three thousand years have passed from the first harvest.
The domination of Rome, the passage of the barbarians, and the great invasions, famines and epidemics, the rise of monasticism and, not least, the splendor of the Serenissima, have formed over time the bond between the inhabitants of the plains. The historical events and the climate, in fact, were the basis of the economic trends that have given so much environmental and cultural homogeneity to the territories of the provinces of Treviso and Venice of today, and the wine production in the two areas is almost the same.
The whole region, corresponding to the current area between the rivers Tagliamento, Lemene Livenza and Piave, was characterized by vine cultivation already in pre-Roman times.
But little remains to testify to the presence of wine among the Paleovenetian population, while the very dawn of the vine-oenology in this area can be traced back to the arrival of the Romans.
With the Romans, in fact, wild grapes (lambrusca) were replaced with a better variety brought by the settlers and members of other conquered lands.
In 89 BC began the setting of a vast plain area, which included the territories of Treviso and Oderzo, but unfortunately these lands were too close to the Alps and, as soon as the Roman Empire showed the first signs of decline, the barbarian invasions often destroyed what had been diligently done with wild enthusiasm.
The cultivated fields were ruined, long sections of the consular roads (the Postumia and the Annia) were made invisible, trees and vines were uprooted and burned.
Under the reign of Theodoric, fortunately, the life of the fields and the reorganization of the crops occupied an evergrowing population that was devoted to the restoration of the crops.
Venetian winemaking, on the other hand, began in the countryside of Concordia around 42 BC, as well as in the countryside of Altino, where archaeological finds are numerous, from the production and conservation tools to the monuments.
An explicit literary reference to the cultivation of the vine in the Northern Adriatic area, around Aquileia and Concordia, is by Herodian, a Greek writer of the third century A. D.: "The region - he wrote - was very rich in vineyards, and then it supplied abundant wine to the peoples who did not cultivate the vine." In 735 Erfo and Marco, sons of the Duke of Friuli, erected in this area the monastery of Santa Maria in Sylvis which, thanks to a Chartula Donationis, was provided with numerous curtis, or equipped agricultural centers. Three hundred years later, the bishops of Concordia promoted the construction of the Abbey of Summaga, entrusted to the Benedictines, which in turn contributed to the expansion of the land cultivated with vines and wheat. Events like these, associated with the growth of monasteries, saved viticulture throughout the centuries. Monasteries sprang up throughout the area and the already mentioned Santa Maria in Sylvis of Sesto al Reghena and the Abbey of Summaga, joined the monastery of St. Mary and St. Fosca of Treviso, the monastery of Saints Peter, Paul, and Teonisto of Casier, and other smaller ones, all dedicated to the common effort to improve land use.
Around year one thousand, the interest of Venice for the mainland intensified and some important families began to purchase land or property in order to initiate the development of agriculture, needed to meet the demand of the city, especially of the poor, without necessarily resorting to imported products. The wine came in daily habits, and so arose regulations for the sale, trade, price and measures of this beverage. In the fourteenth century, Veneto and Friuli passed under the Venetian rule. The nobility and the bourgeoisie began to invest their huge capitals in the mainland: new buildings, houses, corporate farming units (farm houses, barns, warehouses, cellars) were built. The vines spread throughout Marca Trevigiana and the Diocese of Concordia, and then also the quality of grapes and wine began to improve. The wine trade was then ruled by Venice, which imposed heavy duties and measures to reduce the export, so the produced wine primarily revolved around Venice, often with less economic advantage for those who produced it. Although it can be considered aristocratic, the new viticulture and enology that arose under the pressure of the noble and powerful Venetian families, however, were of great benefit to the peasant class who acquired new information and new techniques related to vineyards and winery.
But the winter of 1709 brought a terrible frost that emptied the countryside of Treviso and Venice from its vineyards. This sad event, combined with the decadence of the Serenissima, hit viticulture and winemaking hard, which could recover only after the Great War. However, at the end of its existence, the Republic of San Marco favored an important event: the birth of the Academy of Agriculture in 1769 in Treviso and the one in Conegliano the following year. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a new type of infestation, the phylloxera, damaged the vines of Treviso and Venice. This new attack, however, strengthened the process of renewal with the introduction of new vine varieties of French origin. But the twentieth century will be remembered as the one of the experiments, introducing the bare poles and the selective cultivation and pruning. Now, at the beginning of the XXI century and in the Third Millennium, the wine production in the provinces of Treviso and Venice is an excellence that contributes to making Veneto one of the most valued Italian regions for its wines.